Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels.It's usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries (atherosclerosis) and an increased risk of blood clots.It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes.CVD is one of the main causes of death and disability in the UK, but it can often largely be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle.
Symptoms of coronary heart disease (CHD)
The main symptoms of coronary heart disease are:
chest pain (angina)
shortness of breath
pain throughout the body
feeling sick (nausea)
Causes of coronary heart disease (CHD)
Coronary heart disease is the term that describes what happens when your heart's blood supply is blocked or interrupted by a build-up of fatty substances in the coronary arteries.
Over time, the walls of your arteries can become furred up with fatty deposits. This process is known as atherosclerosis and the fatty deposits are called atheroma.
Atherosclerosis can be caused by lifestyle factors, such as smoking and regularly drinking excessive amounts of alcohol.
You're also more at risk of getting atherosclerosis if you have conditions like high cholesterol, high blood pressure (hypertension) or diabetes.